HIV non-disclosure and Canadian criminal law: antiretroviral treatment and viral load

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This document will inform you about:

  1. when there is a legal duty to disclose HIV-positive status;
  2. the current evidence regarding the impact of ARV treatment and viral load on the risk of HIV transmission;
  3. the current state of the law regarding viral load and HIV disclosure; and
  4. why people should not be prosecuted or convicted for HIV non-disclosure when they have a low or undetectable viral load.

Contributing Organization:
HIV Legal Network
Contact person:
Terry Gould
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Record last updated:
Fri, 14/05/2021 - 15:59